SHARE
COPY LINK
For members

DISCOVER AUSTRIA

Everything you need to know about Austria’s wine industry

From a Heuriger to the famous Gemischter Satz, there is a lot to learn about Austrian wine. Here’s everything you need to know.

Vienna vineyard.
A vineyard on the edge of Vienna. Photo: Philipp Stelzel/Unsplash

Did you know that Austria lies on the same latitude as the Burgundy wine region in France?

That’s right, there is more to Austria than just classical music and winter sports – the Alpine Republic has a thriving wine industry as well.

So, whether you’re an established wine connoisseur or a newbie to the wine scene, here’s a useful guide to Austria’s wine industry.

Where are Austria’s wine regions?

Grapes for winemaking are grown in every federal state in Austria, but the east of the country is best known as Austria’s wine region.

Lower Austria, Vienna, Burgenland and Styria are the most prominent wine producing areas in Austria, and Vienna is one of the few capital cities in the world that can boast a wine industry. 

READ MORE: Mauer, a charming wine-hiking spot on Vienna’s outskirts

In these regions, the land is less mountainous than in the west of Austria and the climate is slightly warmer, especially in summer and autumn. This is important for growing grapes, although Austria is still considered as a “cold climate” country when it comes to winemaking.

Today, Vienna is considered as one of the world’s classic wine regions, and wine making is so embedded in the city that there is one wine producer for every 2,500 residents.

Which wines does Austria produce?

As a country, Austria is mostly known for white wine, such as Riesling, Grüner Veltliner and Chardonnay. 

Due to the climate, Austria is not known for big, bold red wines as in other wine growing countries like the USA and Australia, but Austria does produce a wide selection of light red wines, such as Blaufränkisch and Zweigelt. 

Additionally, Austrian winemakers produce some famous cuvée, such as Vienna’s Gemischter Satz (a blend of at least three grapes from the same vineyard).

What is the history of wine in Austria?

Traditional winemaking in Austria is believed to go back to the 9th and 10th century BC before it was further cultivated during the Roman times, especially along the banks of the Danube River.

Viticulture (the cultivation of grape vines) then continued to develop following the fall of the Roman Empire and into Medieval times, and there are reports of the first taxation on wine in Austria in 1359.

FOR MEMBERS: The best events and festivals in Austria in 2022

However, it was during the 15th and 16th centuries that viticulture really expanded across the country, even in Tyrol, Vorarlberg and Salzburg. It was also during this time that the Viennese Heuriger (wine tavern) scene began.

Before the First World War, there were 48,000 hectares of vineyards in Austria, but the collapse of the Habsburg Empire led to a decrease in vine coverage. By the 1930s there were just 30,000 hectares left.

In 1985, the Austrian wine industry was damaged again when it was revealed several producers were using diethylene glycol, a toxic substance to make wine appear sweeter and more full-bodied. It became known as the “wine scandal” and resulted in global demand for Austrian wine to drop to almost non-existent levels for several years.

Then, in 1995, Austria joined the EU and adopted the bloc’s wine laws. This was followed by excellent results during a blind tasting of Austrian Grüner Veltliner and Chardonnay in London in 2002, which was the start of Austria’s return to the international wine scene.

Today, Austria has 15 DACs (Controlled District of Austria) – a classification of typical wine from a particular region – and 44,913 hectares of vines.

How much is Austria’s wine industry worth to the national economy?

During the pandemic year of 2020, a report by Austrian Wine revealed 61.8 million litres of Austrian wine was consumed in households across the country, which was an increase of 17 percent on 2019 figures. This equated to a revenue of €313.6 million.

International exports also increased in 2020 by 6.7 percent to 67.6 million litres, and revenue reached a new record of €187.3 million (an annual increase of 2.4 percent). The most popular markets for Austrian wine are Germany, Switzerland and the Netherlands.

In the first half of 2021, the value of Austrian wine exports rose to €111 million, up by 25 percent on the same period in 2020.

Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.
For members

DISCOVER AUSTRIA

Five of the best weekend getaways from Vienna

Vienna is undoubtedly a great place to live, but that doesn't mean you don't want to escape the city sometimes.

Five of the best weekend getaways from Vienna

Thankfully, it’s brilliantly central, so it’s easy to make a short trip to other parts of Europe by car or public transport – here are our top picks for weekend getaways from the capital.

Bratislava, Slovakia

Slovakia’s beautiful capital sits on the River Danube and is full of history and glorious scenery to explore – it’s surrounded by vineyards and mountains – plus a very lively nightlife scene.

Don’t miss:

  • Hlavne nam (main square). This pedestrian-only spot in the old town is a great place to start your exploring as it’s the hotspot for the city’s cafe culture and is surrounded by a variety of impressive buildings in an array of architectural styles
  • Bratislava Castle. It doesn’t get more fairytale-like than this. Perched on a hilltop, the castle has been rebuilt in Renaissance style, but you can climb the original 13th-century Crown Tower for expansive views of the city, or explore the history museum inside the castle or the baroque gardens
  • Blue Church (officially the Church of St Elizabeth of Hungary). They weren’t kidding around with the name. Straight out of Wes Anderson’s imagination (had he been born a lot earlier), this art nouveau church is a vision in baby blue

Getting there:
It takes an hour whether your drive or get the direct train or shuttle bus.

Cesky Krumlov, Czech Republic

cesky krumlov through an arch

You’ll need your camera (phone) at Cesky Krumlov. Photo by Jason M Ramos on Flickr

This infinitely Instagrammable walled town is pleasingly compact, so the best thing to do is wander around, taking in all the history and art. Interestingly (we thought), Krumlov translates as ‘crooked meadow’, after a bend in the Vltava river that bisects the town.

Don’t miss:

  • The Old Town. It’s on the Unesco World Heritage Sites list for good reason – wander around and get transported back to medieval times via gorgeous buildings and a maze of teensy lanes
  • Cezky Krumlov Castle. Founded in the 13th century, this magnificent fortification is the Czech Republic’s second-largest historic building and has elements of various architectural periods, from Gothic to Renaissance. Head up the bell tower for some of the best views in town
  • Take a boat down the river. It’s a great way to experience the beauty of the town – you can pick one up right by the castle or go on one of the many organised trips

Getting there:

If you’ve got a car, it’s a lovely drive and only takes three hours. Alternatively, the quickest journey by public transport takes about three to three and a half hours, but it varies a lot by day and time. 

Budapest, Hungary

budapest

Budapest has got it all going on. Photo by Zczillinger on Flickr

Looking for an enchanting city destination with lively nightlife, plenty of music festivals, cultural events, parks, and more sightseeing opportunities than you can throw a goulash at? Then Budapest’s for you.

Don’t miss:

  • Castle Hill. Wander around this historic plateau that overlooks the Danube and explore its varied and magnificent medieval architecture. Head to the neoclassical Fishermen’s Bastion for some of the best views in the city
  • The thermal baths. There are plenty of spas to explore and unwind in in the city, but with its extravagant art nouveau furnishings, mosaics and sculptures, the Gellert Spa is a prime example of Budapest’s historic natural hot spring spa culture
  • The ruin bars. Just as you’d expect, these are bars in derelict buildings. They’re unmarked, so hard to find, but the eclectic decor and lively vibes are well worth sticking around when you do. The vast Szimpla Kert ruin bar in the Jewish Quarter is where it all began and is still going strong

Getting there:

It’s about two hours 20 minutes by train or two and a half hours by car.

Cieszyn, Poland

historical building in cieszyn

Beautiful historical buildings are all around in Cieszyn. Photo by Sandra Cohen-Rose and Colin Rose

One of the oldest towns in the country, it’s divided into two parts – a Polish and a Czech side. So, as you’d expect there’s lots of colourful history to immerse yourself in, plus quirky – and affordable – cafes and pubs to take a break in.

Don’t miss:

  • The beer. Head to Cieszyn Brewery, which used to make beer exclusively for royal consumption
  • Three Brothers Well. There’s a huge amount of fascinating history in this small town and this well serves as a reminder of the tale of the town’s founding by three brothers, Bolko, Lesko and Ciesko. After a long period of separation, they were reunited here in 810. They were said to be so happy (‘cieszyć się’ in Polish) to have found one another again that they founded the town
  • The town even has its own joyous flower – the cieszynianka has vibrant lime-green leaves with yellow centres

Getting there:

It’s about four hours’ drive from Vienna or five-six hours by train.

Maribor, Slovenia

view of maribor

The Maribor area is famous for its wines. Photo by Daniel Thornton on Flickr

Slovenia’s second-biggest city often gets overlooked in favour of the capital, Ljubljana, but this charming place is well worth a visit for its history, breathtaking surrounding scenery and, yes, all the wine.

Don’t miss:

  • Glavni Trg (Main square) This is a good starting point for wandering around the compact city centre and into the cobbled streets of the old town – check out the Maribor Town Hall and the monument dedicated to victims of the Plague in the 15th century
  • Visit the Old Vine House on the riverfront and discover the world’s oldest grape vine. It’s 440 years old and not just still standing, but still producing grapes. You can explore the country’s winemaking history here and, of course, taste some of the wines from the region
  • Pyramid Hill – If you want to see the whole of Maribor spread out before you, then take a 20-minute stroll up this reasonably gentle small hill that’s studded with vines

Getting there:

It takes three hours by car or by the direct shuttle from the main bus terminal. Trains take around three and a half hours.

READ MORE:

SHOW COMMENTS