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POLITICS

Austria names its sixth chancellor in five years

Former Interior Minister Karl Nehammer has been named as Austria's new Chancellor, after Alexander Schallenberg quit the top job in a flurry of government resignations.

Karl Nehammer
Karl Nehammer formerly held the post of Interior Minister. Photo: Joe Klamar/AFP

Nehammer will become both Chancellor and head of the conservative People’s Party (ÖVP), currently in coalition with the Greens.

The changeover was sparked by the sudden news on Thursday that former Chancellor Sebastian Kurz was quitting politics completely just two months after he stepped down from his role.

He had been replaced as Chancellor by former Foreign Minister Alexander Schallenberg, but initially retained the post as head of his conservative People’s Party (ÖVP) — leading to the widespread view that Kurz would continue to wield significant influence. 

Kurz’s departure on Thursday led Schallenberg to quit, saying that he had never intended to become party leader and believed the Chancellor should hold this role.

Nehammer worked in the army for several years before becoming a communications advisor.

He became a lawmaker in 2017 and interior minister in January 2020, his biggest challenge in this post being the first jihadist attack in Austria, which killed four people in December that year, and ensuing allegations that the ministry had failed to monitor the man behind the killings despite him being known to authorities.

Nehammer’s new job isn’t the the only change in the Austrian government.

Finance Minister Gernot Blümel quit his ministerial position and his other role as head of the ÖVP in Vienna, and Education Minister Heinz Faßmann has also resigned to be replaced by the former rector of the University of Graz, Martin Polaschek.

Taking over Nehammer’s post in the Interior Ministry meanwhile is Gerhard Karner, a figure from the Lower Austrian regional council.

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POLITICS

How the EU aims to reform border-free Schengen area

European countries agreed on Thursday to push towards a long-stalled reform of the bloc's migration system, urging tighter control of external borders and better burden-sharing when it comes to asylum-seekers.

How the EU aims to reform border-free Schengen area
European interior ministers met in the northern French city of tourcoing, where president Emmanuel Macron gave a speech. Photo: Yoat Valat/AFP

The EU home affairs commissioner Ylva Johansson, speaking after a meeting of European interior ministers, said she welcomed what she saw as new momentum on the issue.

In a reflection of the deep-rooted divisions on the issue, France’s Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin – whose country holds the rotating EU presidency – said the process would be “gradual”, and welcomed what he said was unanimous backing.

EU countries backed a proposal from French President Emmanuel Macron to create a council guiding policy in the Schengen area, the passport-free zone used by most EU countries and some affiliated nations such as Switzerland and Norway.

Schengen council

Speaking before the meeting, Macron said the “Schengen Council” would evaluate how the area was working but would also take joint decisions and facilitate coordination in times of crisis.

“This council can become the face of a strong, protective Europe that is comfortable with controlling its borders and therefore its destiny,” he said.

The first meeting is scheduled to take place on March 3rd in Brussels.

A statement released after the meeting said: “On this occasion, they will establish a set of indicators allowing for real time evaluation of the situation at our borders, and, with an aim to be able to respond to any difficulty, will continue their discussions on implementing new tools for solidarity at the external borders.”

Step by step

The statement also confirmed EU countries agreed to take a step-by-step approach on plans for reforming the EU’s asylum rules.

“The ministers also discussed the issues of asylum and immigration,” it read.

“They expressed their support for the phased approach, step by step, put forward by the French Presidency to make headway on these complex negotiations.

“On this basis, the Council will work over the coming weeks to define a first step of the reform of the European immigration and asylum system, which will fully respect the balance between the requirements of responsibility and solidarity.”

A planned overhaul of EU migration policy has so far foundered on the refusal of countries such as the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia to accept a sharing out of asylum-seekers across the bloc.

That forces countries on the EU’s outer southern rim – Italy, Greece, Malta and Spain – to take responsibility for handling irregular migrants, many of whom are intent on making their way to Europe’s wealthier northern nations.

France is pushing for member states to commit to reinforcing the EU’s external borders by recording the details of every foreign arrival and improving vetting procedures.

It also wants recalcitrant EU countries to financially help out the ones on the frontline of migration flows if they do not take in asylum-seekers themselves.

Johansson was critical of the fact that, last year, “45,000 irregular arrivals” were not entered into the common Eurodac database containing the fingerprints of migrants and asylum-seekers.

Earlier, German Interior Minister Nancy Faeser suggested her country, France and others could form a “coalition of the willing” to take in asylum-seekers even if no bloc-wide agreement was struck to share them across member states.

She noted that Macron spoke of a dozen countries in that grouping, but added that was probably “very optimistic”.

Luxembourg’s foreign minister, Jean Asselborn, hailed what he said was “a less negative atmosphere” in Thursday’s meeting compared to previous talks.

But he cautioned that “we cannot let a few countries do their EU duty… while others look away”.

France is now working on reconciling positions with the aim of presenting propositions at a March 3rd meeting on European affairs.

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