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What to expect next in Austrian politics after Kurz resignation

Austria has a new chancellor after the surprise resignation of Chancellor Sebastian Kurz. But with an ongoing probe into alleged corruption, and fault lines in the coalition, the political drama is far from over. So, what next?

Protestors wear masks showing Sebastian Kurz as a puppeteer, pulling the strings of successor Alexander Schallenberg as Vice Chancellor Wolfgang Kogler looks on. Photo: Joe Klamar/AFP
Protestors wear masks showing Sebastian Kurz as a puppeteer, pulling the strings of successor Alexander Schallenberg as Vice Chancellor Wolfgang Kogler looks on. Photo: Joe Klamar/AFP

Schallenberg’s first steps

On Tuesday, Schallenberg gave his declaration of government, telling parliament: “As surprising as this new role is, I am determined to take it on.” There were no major surprises in his declaration, in which he vowed to continue working closely with his predecessor Kurz and to carry out the latter’s government programme.

But opposition parties were quick to argue that sticking too closely to Kurz’s plans could cause issues.

The new leader has a challenge ahead of him, with the right-wing Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) announcing a no-confidence motion against the government on Tuesday afternoon, and the centre-left Social Democratic Party of Austria (SPÖ) proposing a no-confidence motion of their own, this one against the Finance Minister. Both were rejected, but it’s a sign of the chaos that awaits Schallenberg.

Fault lines in the coalition

The coalition between the centre-right ÖVP and the left-wing Greens has long been rocky, with the two parties far removed from each other on several issues.

The corruption allegations brought things to the brink, and last week it was the Greens who forced Kurz to backtrack and step down hurriedly after weeks of saying he would not resign.

The resignation seems to have resolved things for now, with Green leader and Vice Chanceller Wolfgang Kogler thanking Kurz on Tuesday forstepping down, and expressing gratitude that the party acted quickly and “in the interests of the republic”.

But Schallenberg himself has had disagreements with the junior coalition partner, most notably on the issue of migration. In August, Schallenberg criticised the Greens for their “derogatory tone” after Kogler accused the ÖVP of lacking humanity over the acceptance of more refugees from Afghanistan.

Speaking on national broadcaster ORF’s ZIB 2 news programme, the then Foreign Minister said of the coalition: “This is not a marriage of love […] but the cooperation actually works very well.”

Still, his background as a skilled diplomat could come in useful when it comes to smoothing things over between the parties.

Don’t count out Kurz just yet

Kurz will remain both leader of his party and a member of parliament, prompting accusations from his critics that he will continue to call the shots. 

Alexander Schallenberg’s appointment as his successor, and his assertion that he’ll be working closely with Kurz, have done little to dispel these myths. The former foreign minister was virtually unknown before Kurz appointed him to his role, and Schallenberg has stood behind Kurz as one of his closest allies.

Corruption probe

That said, leaving the chancellery doesn’t mean Kurz can escape the investigation that sparked his downfall.

The 35-year-old is accused of using government money to manipulate opinion polls in the press. On Tuesday, a poll analyst was arrested in connection with the probe, reportedly after having erased her computer hard drive shortly before her house was searched last week.

Despite dismissing the allegations as false and insisting on his innocence, Kurz has undeniably been seriously affected by the probe that saw several ÖVP-linked locations raided over the last week, and he could even face criminal charges.

How much does the public actually care about the allegations?

When swearing in Schallenberg, President Alexander Van Der Bellen noted that he had the task of restoring trust in the governing coalition. 

“Words alone will not be enough. It takes hard, focused work and actions to restore confidence,” he said, words echoed by Schallenberg in parliament.

Opposition politicians on Tuesday accused Kurz and his party of making Austria a global laughing stock.

SPÖ leader Pamela Rendi-Wagner said that the fact Kurz faces potential criminal allegations means his party and the judiciary are “enemies”. She also criticized Schallenberg for his stated intentions of working closely with Kurz, saying “he who follows, cannot lead”.

But how much has the corruption scandal actually affected voter intentions?

Opinion polls from the Austrian Press Agency and polling institute OGM show that in March 2020, at the start of the pandemic, Kurz had an approval rating of 51 (this is not a percentage but a rating; a positive number means more people said they trusted him than did not trust him, and a negative figure signalling the reserve). This was the highest value achieved by any chancellor since 2003.

The ongoing scandal has had a clear impact, with Kurz’s rating at only nine by September 2021. Nonetheless, that still means the majority of people polled said they trusted him, while Schallenberg had a positive rating of just four points.

Who is Alexander Schallenberg, Austria’s new leader?

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AUSTRIAN CITIZENSHIP

Could presidential criticism lead to Austrian citizenship rule changes?

Federal President Alexander Van der Bellen has hit out at Austria's naturalisation process, saying "the hurdles are too high". But how hard is it to get Austrian citizenship - and will the criticism lead to change?

Could presidential criticism lead to Austrian citizenship rule changes?

Austria’s federal president Alexander Van der Bellen, who is eyeing a second term in office in the autumn elections, has said that the hurdles for citizenship are too high in the alpine country.

“Citizenship is a valuable asset. I think the hurdles for obtaining it are too high.”, he said in an interview with the newspaper Kleine Zeitung.

READ ALSO: EXPLAINED: How does Austria’s presidential election work?

Van der Bellen mentioned a case with a German citizen who has lived in Austria for 20 years and cannot obtain dual citizenship: “He can vote neither here nor there. And that is the European Union?”

Austria does not allow for dual citizenship of naturalised citizens except in very few cases (including naturalisation of those who are descendants of Holocaust victims).

This is one of the many hurdles to citizenship in the country.

What makes Austrian citizenship so difficult to get?

Citizenship through naturalisation, meaning you are not the son or daughter of an Austrian citizen, is particularly hard to get.

First of all, the majority of applicants will need to give up any other citizenships they hold. So, a British citizen taking Austrian nationality through marriage or residence time will have to give up their British passport.

READ ALSO: Which European countries have the toughest rules for gaining citizenship?

Besides severing that connection to a home country where people might still have many ties, this can lead to difficulties in matters of inheritance and property ownership, for example.

The naturalisation process is also long and expensive in Austria. In Vienna, the application costs €130. If successful, the new Austrian citizen can expect to pay from € 1,100 to € 1,500 just for the award – that doesn’t include costs with documentation, translation, and issuance of documents such as an Austrian passport.

The length of the process varies, but it can take more than a year for citizenship to be awarded.

The requirements will also be different depending on how long the person is legally an Austrian resident and what is their connection to the country.

READ ALSO: Reader question: Will my children get an Austrian passport if born in Austria?

For example, after 30 years of residence in Austria, you need to prove you are not a danger to the country and that you can support yourself.

You also need to prove German skills and pass a citizenship test.

The minimum amount of time of legal residency after which you can require citizenship is six years for people who fall into specific categories, such as legal and uninterrupted residence in Austria and possession of the citizenship of an EEA state, birth in Austria or German at a B2 level.

Will Austria change its citizenship rules?

It is improbable that there will be any significant changes soon. Despite Van der Bellen’s statements, citizenship laws are not within the federal president’s competence and mostly depend on legislative changes.

The party leading the ruling coalition, ÖVP, is against any changes, claiming that making the process easier would “depreciate” Austrian citizenship.

READ ALSO: ​​Why has naturalisation doubled in 2022 – and who are Austria’s new citizens?

Austria has recently seen a jump in naturalisation numbers, but that can largely be viewed as a one-off phenomenon after changes in the process for descendants of Nazi victims.

While junior partner Greens have been in favour of easing some rules, little is expected to happen with the ÖVP in power. The next parliamentary elections are set for 2024, though. If the SPÖ continues climbing in the polls, an SPÖ-Green coalition could push forward different rules.

Also, if the Red-Green-Yellow ruling coalition in Germany does succeed in easing naturalisation rules in the neighbouring country, Austria could see further pressure for domestic changes.

But that remains to be seen, mainly depending on the 2024 election results.

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