Fear rising amid Austria's Jewish community after Vienna attack
The Vienna shooting has put Austria's Jewish community - already suffering amid rising anti-Semitism - on high alert.
Shalom Berntholz never closes his kosher restaurant in central Vienna, but as a new coronavirus-induced lockdown approached, he decided to shut early. That saved his life.
A gunman who supported the Islamic State (IS) group kicked off his shooting rampage on Monday evening right in front of his closed restaurant, killing a waitress opposite.
"Normally, we're open 365 days a year, even for Shabbat and Jewish holidays. Exceptionally, we closed. That's what saved our lives," Berntholz tells AFP.
His restaurant "Alef Alef" is located on the ground floor of a white building that houses the offices of IKG, a body that represents Vienna's Jewish community and counts some 7,000 members.
The gunman, named as 20-year-old dual Austrian-Macedonian national Kujtim Fejzulai who was shot dead by police after killing four people, "started right at the foot of this building," says Berntholz.
"Perhaps he saw there was nothing on our side and fired his gun opposite and killed that poor waitress. "You might think that it was also the Jewish community he was targeting, but in truth we will never know."
Fejzulai, who was born in Vienna and whose parents come from North Macedonia, opened fire around 8 pm in this small, cobbled square where several popular bars and restaurants are located, as well as Jewish community offices.
Investigators have not yet been able to determine if the gunman was targeting the square's Jewish locations, or if he just picked this place for its lively nightlife.
The attack claimed by IS also took place just a dozen metres away from a building that symbolises the city's rich Jewish history: the "Stadttempel," a magnificent 19th century synagogue.
It is the only synagogue in Vienna to have survived the Second World War and the "Night of Broken Glass" on November 9-10, 1938 -- a pogrom against Jews carried out by paramilitary Nazi forces and civilians.
Before the Second World War, there were some 192,000 Jews in Austria, nearly four percent of the population.
That community was reduced to almost nothing due to deportations and exile, but slowly built up again post-conflict.
Monday's gun rampage has revived memories of attacks against the Stadttempel synagogue in 1979 and 1981 by extremist Palestinian groups, with two people killed in the latter.
The European Jewish Congress on Tuesday said it "brings back tragic memories for us as one of the first attacks on Jewish targets in Europe happened at this very spot almost 40 years ago."
Yoav Ashkenazy, a 38-year-old Israeli who has lived in Vienna for six years to study philosophy, decided to come see the scene of the attack with his own eyes.
He refuses to give in to fear.
"People walk around here with a kippah (a cap traditionally worn by Jewish men) without any problem," he says.
"Vienna is a city on a human scale, provincial and to the left... No one, not even from the Muslim community, even considers touching a hair on the head of a Jewish person."
The city's Jewish community -- unlike that in Paris, Brussels, Copenhagen or Germany -- has had a general feeling of living in a safe country that had until now been spared jihadist attacks.
Still, 550 anti-Semitic incidents -- almost half of which were attributed to the far-right -- were reported in 2019 in Austria, a figure that has doubled in five years.