With historic recovery plan signed can Europe unite again to deal with migration crisis?
After the EU signed off on a mammoth €750 billion coronavirus economic recovery plan can the bloc unite once again to deal with the thorny issue of migration? Countries have been warned they cannot fail as they did with the 2015-16 crisis.
Europe cannot repeat the 2015-16 migration crisis when over a million exiles fleeing wars, persecution or poverty flooded the continent, the EU Commission's Vice-President Margaritis Schinas said Thursday.
The huge influx caused significant political rifts within the European Union with some states in the border-free Schengen area putting up fences and reimposing frontier controls.
"Europe cannot fail twice on migration," Schinas said at a press conference after a meeting of ministers from 18 EU and Western Balkan nations.
"This is the moment, now," Schinas said, referring to a long-awaited and repeatedly postponed proposal for the reform of EU migration and asylum policy, which the European Commission is expected to unveil in September.
Schinas said the fact that the bloc had this week signed off on a giant coronavirus economic recovery plan had cleared the way for progress on other issues.
Refugees and migrants play football in a road near the refugee camp of Moria in the island of Lesbos on June 21, 2020. (AFP)
"We didn't want to contaminate the discussions on the recovery plan with another difficult file on migration," Schinas said.
However, at the end of the two-day conference held in Vienna it was clear that many aspects of any future deal remain contentious.
Greek representatives had made clear before the meeting that they and other southern European states wanted compulsory distribution of refugees across the EU to be on the agenda.
Countries such as Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slovakia have been vehemently opposed to this.
German Interior Minister Horst Seehofer, whose country currently holds the EU's rotating presidency, stressed the need for tighter procedures to decide at the EU's external borders who was eligible for refugee status.
Seehofer also underscored higher levels of returns to countries of origin for those who do not get refugee status.
When asked directly whether Germany would rule out a system of compulsory distribution, Seehofer said: "Let's introduce these other measures first."
"If we're able to achieve a lot, then this question of distribution will retreat into the background," he said.
Seehofer said Germany was now registering between 300 and 400 arrivals per day of people seeking to stay, the same level as before the novel coronavirus pandemic caused a drop.
The meeting decided to set up a "coordination platform" in Vienna to facilitate the exchange of information between EU states and those in the Western Balkans on migration.
Seehofer said he hoped the new platform would act as a sort of "early warning system" to indicate when additional measures might be required to deal with migration issues.