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IMMIGRATION

Austria leads push for new EU border guard plan

The EU must convince Italy, Spain and Greece to back a plan to bolster the bloc's external borders, Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz said Wednesday as bloc leaders met in Salzburg to discuss the controversial issue of migration.

Austria leads push for new EU border guard plan
Sebastian Kurz arrives at the Felsenreitschule prior to an informal dinner as part of the EU Informal Summit of Heads of State or Government in Salzburg on September 19th. Photo: AFP

EU Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker “has put forward a proposal to widen the mandate of the Frontex (border agency) and make repatriations (of refugees) more effective,” Kurz said in an interview with the Austrian daily Der Standard.

“Some member states are still rather sceptical. It's our task to convince them,” said Kurz, whose country currently holds the European Union's rotating presidency.

Hungary, and its fiercely anti-immigration Prime Minister Viktor Orban, has already vowed to oppose the EU plan.

And speaking to reporters ahead of the meeting in Salzburg, Orban insisted that Hungary was “able to protect our own border. We insist on the right that it is our job.” 

In the newspaper interview, Kurz said that Italy, Spain and Greece, as key entry points into the bloc for many refugees fleeing across the Mediterranean, were similarly  sceptical about the plans to beef up the Frontex border agency.

“It's about their sovereignty rights, as well as concerns about the improved registration of migrants,” the Austrian leader said. 

Under the EU Commission's proposals, the number of Frontex border guards will be increased to 10,000 by 2020 and they will be able to intervene to better regulate the influx. 

Germany and France in particular advocate improving the system for registering migrants.

Speaking to reporters in Salzburg, Kurz noted that Hungary had shown a willingness to clamp down on illegal migration, while others which had not been as tough.

“It's important to see how (Frontex's) mandate will be defined, in particular for those who appear capable of defending their borders,” Kurz said.

Also speaking in Salzburg, EU Council chief Donald Tusk urged leaders to “stop the migration blame game”.

Noting that the number of people entering Europe illegally had dropped dramatically since the 2015 migration crisis, Tusk said that “instead of taking political advantage of the situation, we should focus on what works and just get on with it”.

“We can no longer be divided between those who want to solve the problem of illegal migrant flows and those who want to use it for political gain,” Tusk added, alluding to the anti-immigration parties that made gains in several recent European elections. 

ECONOMY

Diversity and jobs: How migrants contribute to Vienna’s economy

International business owners in Vienna bring in billions of euros in revenue and taxes each year, according to a recent survey by the Chamber of Commerce.

Diversity and jobs: How migrants contribute to Vienna's economy

New figures show that Vienna’s international entrepreneurs do more than simply boost diversity in Austria’s capital city – they also significantly contribute to the local economy.

The Wirtschaftskammer (Chamber of Commerce) has revealed that business owners in Vienna with a migration background generate € 8.3 billion in revenue and create around 45,500 jobs.

Plus, these companies pay around € 3.7 billion every year in taxes and duties, reports ORF.

READ MORE: Austrian presidential elections: Why 1.4 million people can’t vote

Walter Ruck, President of the Vienna Chamber of Commerce, said: “Companies with a migrant background not only enrich the diversity of the corporate landscape in Vienna, they are also an economic factor.”

Ruck added that more than 200 international companies move to the capital each year and said the diversity is helping Vienna to financially recover from the pandemic. 

The Chamber of Commerce considers a business owner to have a migration background if they were not born in Austria and/or they have a non-Austrian nationality.

READ ALSO: What are the rules on working overtime in Austria?

According to ORF, there are 34,000 entrepreneurs in Vienna with a migration background and 7,400 of those business owners have Austrian citizenship.

Additionally, 4,500 business owners have Slovakian nationality, 3,800 are from Romania and 2,600 have German citizenship.

The most popular business sector for people in Vienna with a migration background is retail, followed by real estate and technical services.

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