Austria to sue over Hungary nuclear plant expansion

Austria said on Friday it would launch a lawsuit against the European Union's approval of the Russian-financed expansion of a nuclear plant in Hungary.

Austria to sue over Hungary nuclear plant expansion
Photo: Attila Kisbenedek/AFP

The approval, granted in March, removes the last major obstacle to the €12.5 billion ($13.2 billion) expansion of the Paks plant, Hungary's only nuclear facility.

“I strictly reject the expansion of the Paks nuclear plant,” Austrian Chancellor Christian Kern said in a statement.

“Even the European Commission has concluded in its report that the expansion of this nuclear plant will never be profitable without massive state subsidies.”

Kern did not specify when the complaint would be filed with the European Court of Justice, but said lawyers were currently checking the government's complaint.

Built with Soviet-era technology in the 1980s during Hungary's communist period, the plant outside Budapest currently provides around 40 percent of its electricity needs.

The construction of two new reactors is part of a 2014 deal struck between Hungary's right-wing Prime Minister Victor Orban and ally Russian President Vladimir Putin.

The work, to be carried out be Moscow's state-owned Rosatom, is set to more than double the plant's capacity.

EU authorities had been under pressure to take a close look at the agreement amid fears the Kremlin was using it to meddle further with the bloc's sensitive energy sector.

The European Commission gave its seal of approval after judging that the project met EU rules on state aid “on the basis of commitments made by Hungary to limit distortions of competition”.

Fiercely anti-nuclear Austria had denounced the move at the time and already threatened legal action.

Kern's announcement comes two days before a snap election, which could see his Social Democrat party relegated to the opposition corner by hardline conservatives led by Sebastian Kurz, 31.

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Austria’s ‘original influencer’: Ten weird facts about the Austrian Royal Family and Empress Sissi

The Austrian Royal Family will be the next to get The Crown treatment by Netflix, with a new series The Empress planned to be broadcast in spring next year. 

Empress Sissi
A portrait of Princess Sissi displayed in her Imperial Apartments in Venice.(Photo by VINCENZO PINTO / AFP

Netflix’s The Empress will chart the life of the Duchess Elisabeth of Bavaria, commonly known as Sissi. She was the Empress of Austria for the latter half of the 19th century after marrying Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary as a teenager.

Starring German actress Devrim Lingnau in the main role, the six-part series will delve into the royal’s dramatic life, covering events such as her life at court, the tragic murder-suicide of her son and his young mistress, ending with Sissi’s assassination in 1898, when she was stabbed through the heart with a stiletto blade by an Italian anarchist.

Princess Sissi
A portrait of Empress Sissi By Emil Rabending – Scanned by User:Csanády, Photo: Public Domain

‘World famous’ trendsetter who washed hair in eggs and brandy

Princess Sissi was world famous in her lifetime as a fashion icon and trendsetter. Tall (172cm), but with a tiny waist measuring between 40cm and 50cm, she was famous for her physique and long hair, which reached to the floor.

Styling her mane took up to three hours every day, and her hairstyles were copied across Europe. One every three weeks she would wash her hair with raw eggs and brandy, a procedure which took an entire day.  

Raw meat juice anyone?

Sissi constantly starved herself with a diet of raw meat juices, eggs, oranges and raw milk. It’s reported she travelled with her own cow to ensure a regular supply of raw milk. In addition she wore tight corsets which shrank her waist even further.

Sissi adopted the practice of “tight lacing”, importing corsets from Paris such as those worn by French courtesans. Lacing could take up to an hour every morning. The Prince of Hesse is said to have described her as “almost inhumanly slender”.

Actor Romy Schneider is also famous for playing Empress Sissi in a previous adaptation (Photo by AFP)

Corset allowed her to survive longer after being stabbed through the heart, doctors believed

After Sissi was stabbed through the heart with a stiletto blade by Italian anarchist Luigi Lucheni, she was able to stand again and walk some distance before fainting and dying later in her hotel.

Doctors theorised that her practice of reducing her waist in size to 19.5 ins (50cm) could have stopped her immediately bleeding to death, even though her rib, lungs and heart had all been pierced by the weapon. 

A portrait of Princess Sissi is displayed in the audience room of the Imperial apartments of the Royal Palace on December 3, 2012 at the Correr museum in Venice. (Photo by VINCENZO PINTO / AFP)

Gym bunny

As well as barely eating, Sissi had a long daily workout regime. She started the day with 20 pull ups on a specially designed home gym.

She then completed a self-devised workout using dumbbells and rings incorporating circus skills, before spending the day energetically hiking, fencing and riding. 

Raw veal face masks and goats’ milk baths

Sissi’s beauty routine rivalled Gywneth Paltrow’s for weirdness. She regularly wore a face mask lined with raw veal and crushed strawberries, bathed in goat’s milk and drank five salted egg whites a day to reduce bloating. 

Sissi often refused to be drawn or photographed once in her 30s

Nonetheless, fearing she was ageing, once she reached 32, Empress Sissi began to refuse to sit for portraits and photographs in an effort to retain her youthful image. This is believed to have only enhanced her mystique. 

These Chinese brides and grooms even hired a  Empress Sissi look-a-like after getting married at King Ludwig’s Neuschwanstein Castle.  (Photo by CHRISTOF STACHE / AFP)

She wasn’t a fan of court life and loved Hungary

Empress Sissi did not particularly like court life in Austria and often escaped to nearby Hungary, where she could live a more relaxed life away from her difficult relationship with her mother-in-law, Princess Sophie of Bavaria.

She married her older sister’s suitor

Princess Sissi was not actually intended to marry Emperor Franz Joseph, who had been promised to her older sister. However, once he met Sissi, he decided to ditch the older sister for the younger one. 

Her son died in a murder-suicide pact, setting in train events which led to the start of the First World War

Princess Sissi is said to have never recovered from the death of her only son, Rudolf in a murder-suicide pact with his 17-year-old mistress Mary Vetsera in a hunting lodge in Mayerling in 1889. 

Ruldolf’s death changed the succession of the Habsburg monarchy, meaning the crown passed to Franz Joseph’s brother, Archduke Karl Ludwig, and his eldest son, Archduke Franz Ferdinand.

The change of succession endangered relations with Hungary and indirectly set in motion the Archduke’s assassination. This event led to the First World War and the break up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.