The International Institute for Market and Social Analysis (IMAS) published results of a survey on Friday that show many Austrians see traditions as very important.
The study concluded that nine out of ten Austrians think that protecting Austrian traditions and keeping them alive is vital.
Furthermore, more than half believe that it is very important that traditions are taught in kindergartens, schools and to immigrants.
Traditions linked to Christmas, New Years, Mother's Day and Easter are most commonly maintained by Austrians. Many of the traditions have strong ties to the Christian faith.
There are also a few unusual ones, which may take non-Austrians living in the country by surprise if they are not forewarned.
1. Easter Egg battle (‘Eierpecken')
Image source: Superbass/ wikimedia
A common Easter tradition in Austria is the Easter egg battle during the family Easter breakfast or brunch. Coloured hard-boiled eggs are served along with a cake in the shape of a lamb. Before people at the table eat their eggs, a battle ensues. Each player holds their egg with the tip pointing up and prepares for battle. The first player to start hits another egg tip with his own egg, with the goal of breaking the shell of the other egg. The winner then goes around the table and tries his luck with the other players. The winner of the battle is whoever is left with an egg that is still intact.
2. Autumn Cow train (‘Almabtried')
Image source: Bad Kleinkirchheim/Flickr
3. First day of school cone (Schultüte)
Image source: Pixabay
An Austrian tradition, with roots in German history, is the cone of goodies handed to children on the first day of school. When six-year-olds start school for the first time, usually in first grade, they are given a big cardboard cone. Either parents or grandparents are tasked with giving the child a decorated cone filled with candy, toys and school supplies. Originally the cone would be brought to the school and it would be hung up on a cone tree marked with their name. Kids would be told a story that at school a tree is growing with cones and when it is ripe, the kids are old enough and need to go to school. This is supposed to make the first day of school, which can often be a stressful time for a child, a little more fun.
4. Stealing the Bride (‘Brautraub')
Image source: peteandcharlotte/Flickr
Stealing the bride is a very old Austrian tradition when it comes to weddings. The tradition is seen as both entertaining but also has the symbolic meaning that the bride is leaving her family home and starting a whole new portion of her life with her husband. Friends of the bride and groom interrupt the wedding by crashing the party to kidnap or steal the bride. For a certain amount of time no one at the wedding should notice that the bride has gone missing, so the kidnappings are elaborately planned out. The kidnappers then take the bride and go from bar to bar in the local area, buying drinks along the way. Then the groom has to go find the bride. Once the groom finds his bride, he needs to pay a ransom to get her back; this usually involves him buying a round of drinks.
5. Lead pouring, Molybdomancy (‘Bleigießen')
Image source: Micha L. Rieser/ wikimedia
This is a very common New Years tradition in Austria and if you are in Austria during this time you will see stands selling the equipment needed for it everywhere next to stalls filled with tiny pigs in various forms. Pieces of tin are sold along with a metal spoon. On New Year's Day, each member of the family melts their piece of tin using a stove or lighter and then once it is melted pours it into a tub of cold water. The resulting shape of the tin is then interpreted as an omen for the future, especially the upcoming year. A huge part of the fun is doing this with your family and spending the whole time arguing about what shape the melted tin has become and what it could possibly mean for the upcoming year.
6. Scary mask processions (‘Perchtenlaufen' or ‘Krampuslauf')
Image source: Wald1siedel/ wikimedia
This Austrian custom is common in the Alpine regions around December or the beginning of January. Locals dressed up as the wicked beast, Krampus or as ‘Perchten', wild pagan spirits of Germanic folklore exhibit their costumes in a procession. The costumes are usually very frightening or at least very ugly. Originally ‘Krampus' was the horrible goat-like creature that followed St. Nicholas and punished bad children, while ‘Perchten' were spirits who would march through town and ring bells, in order to ward off the cold winter. In recent years, however the two processions and traditions have largely combined into one main event and are usually major tourist attractions.
Written by: Helena Uhl