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Six unique traditions that Austrians love to love

The Local Austria
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Six unique traditions that Austrians love to love
A vendor wearing the traditional "Lederhosen" leather trousers hangs up gingerbread hearts for sale at his booth on September 16, 2023. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

Austrians truly love their traditions. From the Alpine cow parades to Easter egg-cracking traditions, here are some of the favourites.


A study by the International Institute for Market and Social Analysis (IMAS) concluded that nine out of ten Austrians think that protecting and keeping Austrian traditions alive is vital.

Furthermore, more than half believe that it is very important that traditions are taught in kindergartens, schools and to immigrants.

Austrians most commonly maintain traditions linked to Christmas, New Year's, Mother’s Day, and Easter. Many of these traditions have strong ties to the Christian faith.

There are also a few unusual ones, which may take non-Austrians living in the country by surprise if they are not forewarned.

1. Easter Egg battle (‘Eierpecken’)

A common Easter tradition in Austria is the Easter egg battle during the family Easter breakfast or brunch. Coloured hard-boiled eggs are served along with a cake in the shape of a lamb. Before people at the table eat their eggs, a battle ensues.

Each player holds their egg with the tip pointing up and prepares for battle. The first player to start hits another egg tip with his own egg, with the goal of breaking the shell of the other egg.

The winner then goes around the table and tries his luck with the other players. The winner of the battle is whoever is left with an egg that is still intact.


2. Autumn Cow train (‘Almabtried’)

She is going back home to her barn after summering in the mountains. Image by Juncala from Pixabay
This event is held annually in the Alpine regions of Austria. Every summer, around 500,000 cows in Austria are led high up into the mountains to feed on pastures in the Alps.
Around October, there is usually one specific day when all the cows are brought down in the form of a cow train from the mountain to the stables in the valley.
Many of the cows are decorated, and the cow train is celebrated with music and dance if there are no accidents on the mountain during the summer. Each cow is returned to their owner once the cows get back into the valley. These days it has evolved into a festival-like event in most alpine towns where artisan and agricultural products are sold.
Young students of an elementary school wear protective face masks and hold their school cones on their first school day after holidays on September 8, 2020. (Photo by Christof STACHE / AFP)

3. First day of school cone (Schultüte)

An Austrian tradition with roots in German history is the cone of goodies handed to children on the first day of school. When six-year-olds start school for the first time, usually in first grade, they are given a big cardboard cone. Either parents or grandparents are tasked with giving the child a decorated cone filled with candy, toys and school supplies.

Originally, the cone would be brought to the school, and it would be hung up on a cone tree marked with their name. Kids would be told a story that at school, a tree is growing with cones, and when it is ripe, the kids are old enough and need to go to school.

This is supposed to make the first day of school, which can often be a stressful time for a child, a little more fun.


4. Stealing the Bride (‘Brautraub’)

Stealing the bride is a very old Austrian tradition when it comes to weddings. The tradition is seen as both entertaining but also has the symbolic meaning that the bride is leaving her family home and starting a whole new portion of her life with her husband.

Friends of the bride and groom interrupt the wedding by crashing the party to kidnap or steal the bride. For a certain amount of time, no one at the wedding should notice that the bride has gone missing, so the kidnappings are elaborately planned out.

The kidnappers then take the bride and go from bar to bar in the local area, buying drinks along the way. Then the groom has to go find the bride. Once the groom finds his bride, he needs to pay a ransom to get her back; this usually involves him buying a round of drinks.


5. Lead pouring, Molybdomancy (‘Bleigießen’)

This is a very common New Years tradition in Austria and if you are in Austria during this time you will see stands selling the equipment needed for it everywhere next to stalls filled with tiny pigs in various forms. Pieces of tin are sold along with a metal spoon.

On New Year’s Day, each member of the family melts their piece of tin using a stove or lighter and then once it is melted pours it into a tub of cold water. The resulting shape of the tin is then interpreted as an omen for the future, especially the upcoming year.

A huge part of the fun is doing this with your family and spending the whole time arguing about what shape the melted tin has become and what it could possibly mean for the upcoming year. 

Krampus, the German/Austrian folk demon that parades through Austrian cities in December.

Krampus, the German/Austrian folk demon that parades through Austrian cities in December. Photo: Jody Marx / Pixabay

6.  Scary mask processions (‘Perchtenlaufen’ or ‘Krampuslauf’)

This Austrian custom is common in the Alpine regions around December or the beginning of January. Locals dressed up as the wicked beast, Krampus or as ‘Perchten’, wild pagan spirits of Germanic folklore exhibit their costumes in a procession.

The costumes are usually very frightening or at least very ugly. Originally, ‘Krampus’ was the horrible goat-like creature that followed St. Nicholas and punished bad children, while ‘Perchten’ were spirits who would march through town and ring bells in order to ward off the cold winter.

In recent years, however, the two processions and traditions have largely combined into one main event and are usually major tourist attractions.


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