Figures from the Interior Ministry show that between January and November this year over 1,100 Kosovans left Austria voluntarily. Kosovo is considered to be a safe country of origin and migrants have little chance of obtaining asylum in Austria.
Migrants from Iraq and Afghanistan have a good chance of being registered as asylum seekers but so far 530 people from Iraq have returned home, and 120 from Afghanistan. "This trend has become more noticeable since mid-September," Interior Ministry spokesman Karl-Heinz Grundböck said.
The Caritas charity confirmed that between September 1st and December 14th 257 Iraqis, 35 Afghans and 53 Iranians flew home - most of whom had been resident in Vienna. In 2014 only two Iraqis, nine Afghans and one Iranian chose to return to their own countries.
"Many are afraid of being deported and the humiliation of that," Caritas spokesman Martin Gantner said. He added that others are returning because they miss their families, and some had different expectations of what Austria and Europe would be like. “There are so many uncertainties for them here in Austria, many refugees are traumatized and need a sense of security,” he said.
Three Iraqi men in their 20s who spoke to the Kurier newspaper say they plan to fly home on Wednesday after three months in Austria. They are all computer engineers and had hoped to build a better life here. "We wanted peace, freedom and a future," 23-year-old Muqdad said. He and his friends have been living in emergency refugee accommodation in Vienna's 3rd district.
"We've just been humiliated here," said Omer. "It was a mistake to come. People look at us here as if we were terrorists, and all we want is peace. Dogs are treated better than refugees in Austria - at least they have something good to eat, and are even given something to wear."
The Afghan and Iraqi embassies in Vienna have also confirmed that increasing numbers of their citizens are choosing to return to their countries and said that they are issuing travel documents to dozens of people every day. The flights are mainly financed by the Interior Ministry and the EU.
Günter Ecker, the head of Vienna's human rights association (VMÖ), expects the trend to continue. "Many Iraqis say that they expected better social care here, and many also had a misleading idea of how long the asylum process might take. They didn't realise that they might have to wait a year or more until their families could join them here.”