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REFUGEE CRISIS

IMMIGRATION

Refugees ‘suffocated’ shortly after truck set off

The 71 refugees found dead in an abandoned lorry in Austria last week most likely suffocated soon after they were picked up by a smuggler in Hungary, police said on Friday.

Refugees 'suffocated' shortly after truck set off
Photo: Screen shot from video by Andi Schiel

Preliminary autopsy results indicate that “if you take into account the number of people and lack of oxygen, it's fair to assume that asphyxiation occurred within no time at all,” police spokesman Hans Peter Doskozil told a press conference. An investigation of the truck has revealed that it was airtight. 

The final coroner's report was expected to take another five or six weeks, Doskozil added.

Among the dead were Syrians, Iraqis and Afghans. 17 travel documents were found with the bodies. Police are still working on identifying all of the bodies.

The 59 men, eight women and four children were discovered piled on top of each other in the back of a refrigerated poultry truck in a motorway layby near the Hungarian border on August 27th.

Six men suspected of organising and driving the truck have been arrested – five Bulgarians and an Afghan.

Two Austrian detectives are currently in Hungary, joining investigations there and questioning suspects.

Doskozil said that the refugees boarded the truck on August 26th at around 5pm, on the Hungarian-Serbian border. The vehicle drove onto the M5 motorway and continued on the M1 towards the Austrian border. It crossed the border at Nickelsdorf at around 10pm and was later found abandoned in a layby at Parndorf.

It was discovered the next day by employees of the Austrian motorway operator ASFINAG, who noticed decomposing body fluids dripping from the vehicle.

One of the suspected drivers, 32-year-old Tsvetan Tsvetanov, denied knowing there had been anyone on board the lorry, during his first appearance in a Bulgarian court on Thursday.

Charges against him include “participation in an organised crime group, contraband trafficking and premeditated manslaughter of 71 people”.

Police believe Tsvetanov and the other five – who were arrested in Hungary – are low-ranking members of one of the numerous people-trafficking gangs that extract large amounts of money from migrants to help them reach Europe.

The migrants' deaths led to a security crackdown in Austria and massive tailbacks formed on the border with Hungary earlier this week, as officers inspected vehicles in search of people-smugglers and refugees.

During their investigation police discovered another 81 people who were hidden inside the back of a similar refrigerator truck on August 27th on the A4, Doskozil said. The refugees had managed to prize the back door of the truck slightly open with a crowbar, so that they could breathe. The driver of the truck abandoned them in Gols.

 

ECONOMY

Diversity and jobs: How migrants contribute to Vienna’s economy

International business owners in Vienna bring in billions of euros in revenue and taxes each year, according to a recent survey by the Chamber of Commerce.

Diversity and jobs: How migrants contribute to Vienna's economy

New figures show that Vienna’s international entrepreneurs do more than simply boost diversity in Austria’s capital city – they also significantly contribute to the local economy.

The Wirtschaftskammer (Chamber of Commerce) has revealed that business owners in Vienna with a migration background generate € 8.3 billion in revenue and create around 45,500 jobs.

Plus, these companies pay around € 3.7 billion every year in taxes and duties, reports ORF.

READ MORE: Austrian presidential elections: Why 1.4 million people can’t vote

Walter Ruck, President of the Vienna Chamber of Commerce, said: “Companies with a migrant background not only enrich the diversity of the corporate landscape in Vienna, they are also an economic factor.”

Ruck added that more than 200 international companies move to the capital each year and said the diversity is helping Vienna to financially recover from the pandemic. 

The Chamber of Commerce considers a business owner to have a migration background if they were not born in Austria and/or they have a non-Austrian nationality.

READ ALSO: What are the rules on working overtime in Austria?

According to ORF, there are 34,000 entrepreneurs in Vienna with a migration background and 7,400 of those business owners have Austrian citizenship.

Additionally, 4,500 business owners have Slovakian nationality, 3,800 are from Romania and 2,600 have German citizenship.

The most popular business sector for people in Vienna with a migration background is retail, followed by real estate and technical services.

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