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FARMING

Austria’s young farmers a success story

Austria has the third highest number of young farmers in the EU - after Poland and the Czech Republic.

Austria's young farmers a success story
Some of the featured farmers in the 2015 Young Farmers calendar. Photo: APA

10.7 percent of Austria’s farmers are aged under 35. In Poland 14.7 percent are under 35, and in the Czech Republic 11.7. The EU average is 6.5 percent.

"We need well-trained, innovative young farmers to be able to make rural areas liveable and economically strong," Agriculture Minister Andrä Rupprechter (ÖVP) said.

Agricultural subsidies amounting to €26 million are available each year to make farming more attractive – 10 million more than in previous years.

Young farmers also get help with their set-up costs – receiving around €70 per hectare for their first 40 hectares for a period of five years. They also receive a one-off payment of €8,000 when they set up a farm which employs more than one worker. 

92 percent of Austrian farms are run as family businesses, according to the Farm Structure Survey.

“When a child or grandchild takes over the farm they tend to invest more efficiently and the farm grows,” said David Süß, Secretary General of Austria’s Young Farmers.

Almost a quarter of young farmers farm according to organic guidelines. Organic farming has become more popular in Austria, with roughly one in six farms classed as organic.

A Young Farmer’s calendar, released annually, is meant to raise awareness about farming and shows images of attractive young farmers working hard on the land.

Of Austria's total area of almost 84,000 square kilometres, about 67,000 square kilometres are used for farming and forestry.

Women manage 40 percent of Austria’s farms.

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ENVIRONMENT

Austria bans ‘senseless’ killing of chicks with new animal welfare rules

The Federal Government announced a new legislative package with stricter rules for animal welfare, banning the "senseless" killing of chicks, tighter rules for live animal transport and installing other protection measures.

Austria bans 'senseless' killing of chicks with new animal welfare rules

Austria’s Federal Government has put together a new set of rules for stricter animal welfare in the country, most notably banning the practice of mass killing and disposal of male newborn chicks.  

“This package of measures is a great success for animal welfare, which finally implements years of demands of animal rights activists,” explains Animal Welfare Minister Johannes Rauch in a press conference detailing the measures.

Rauch announced the end of the “senseless” killing of chicks. Instead, the minister explained that the animals would be culled and used as feed in zoos, saying there is a great demand and zoos have been importing meat for their animals. 

READ ALSO: Penguin rescued after being ‘kidnapped’ from Salzburg zoo

In the future, Austria will carry out “gender determinations” of the animals before they hatch to take “appropriate measures earlier”.

Rauch added that the “shredding” of chicks, a controversial culling measure, did not take place in Austria even before the new steps. 

Measures for cow and pig welfare

The present animal welfare package will end the uninterrupted, year-round tying of cattle from 2030.

For pigs, there will be an “incentive” to offer more space for the animals, with new and converted stables and cooling planned. Rauch said that the measures were a compromise and first step but that “we are not yet where we want to go”. 

READ ALSO: Austria to ban online ads offering pets for sale

The package also imposes new rules for live animal transport, including shorter transport times and a ban on transporting newborns. 

Most of the provisions will come into force from 2023, the minister added. The package will be officially voted in Parliament at the end of June. 

“Unacceptable”: Criticism from animal protection groups and opposition

Animal protection groups in Austria have criticised the federal government’s plan as unacceptable and a “weak compromise”. 

Pigs and cattle for fattening will still stand on full-coated soils, tail cropping and anaesthetic castration will continue to be common practice in piglets, and animals will be transported far too young and far too long, the Vier Pfoten group pointed out in a statement.

READ ALSO: Why Vienna is a haven for wild animals – and where you can find them

“There was not even a serious attempt to put an end to this cruelty to animals”, the group’s director Eva Rosenberg said.

Opposition SPÖ has also criticised the government plans, calling it “a mess”, according to Vienna Animal Welfare spokesperson Eva Persy. The NEOS parliamentary groups said the measures were “pure cosmetics”, and the proposals do not go far enough. 

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