A total of 8,507,786 people were living in Austria on January 1, 2014, according to Statistik Austria. There were around 55,926 more people - an increase of 0.66 percent - than at the beginning of 2013. But last year 196 more people died than were born.
Population growth was significantly higher than in the previous year, (in 2012 an increase of 0.52 percent was recorded), and this trend is expected to continue.
Net immigration in 2013 rose by a quarter, to 54,728 people. It is the highest figure since the opening up of Eastern Europe and the war in Bosnia. Most immigrants came from European countries, such as Hungary (8,456) and Germany (6759).
The highest population growth was recorded in Innsbruck, Graz, and Vienna. In Vienna the population numbered 1,766,746 people on January 1st, about 25,500 or 1.46 percent more than last year.
However, the number of children and adolescents under 20 years old decreased by 10,970 people, compared to last year.
A total of 1,371 people (222 men and 1,149 women) were at least 100 years old.
According to the report, people in west Austria (Tyrol and Vorarlberg) tended to live longer than in east Austria (Vienna).
The average age of the population is now 42.2 - two years older than ten years ago.
A woman in Austria has an average of 1.44 children, said the report.